What is thinking?
If, in the most general form, to say what thinking is, then this is a form of reflection of reality that establishes connections and relationships between different objects. However, some sciences look at thinking differently.
What is thinking. Psychology
In psychological knowledge, thinking is a set of mental processes that underlie the knowledge of the world. Scientific language is a mental process that creates judgments and conclusions through the synthesis and analysis of concepts. In simple words, thinking is responsible for ensuring that a person understands what surrounds him and also builds logical connections between objects. It is believed that thinking is the highest mental function of man, in animals it is only in its infancy.
In psychology, various techniques have been created that study how developed a person’s thinking is. As a rule, the level of thinking is equated to the coefficient of intelligence that Binet suggested - the well-known IQ designation.
What is thinking.Philosophy
In philosophy, the study of thinking deals with dialectical logic. From the point of view of philosophy, thinking is the highest level of knowledge and mastery of the world, which manifests itself in various purposes, ideas and theories of man. Thinking, in philosophical understanding, is expressed and manifested in various forms of practical and spiritual human activity.
By the way, various philosophers looked at thinking differently. Thus, Plato believed that thinking is the process of remembering all that the soul remembers, which has been in the world of ideas, before being introduced into the human body.
Descartes considered thinking to be a property of the human soul, calling it a "thinking substance." But Spinoza said that thinking is a way of action of the thinking body.
Modern science endows thinking with various characteristics, identifies some species. So, thinking is characterized by mediation by the sense organs. That is, at first a person hears and sees something, and only then builds connections.
The second important characteristic of thinking is generalization. It is possible due to the fact that all objects are somehow connected with each other. Thinking is engaged in the search for these links.
What is logical thinking?
This is a type of mental activity that uses simple and complex logical constructions, as well as ready-made and general concepts. Logical thinking is important when you need to find a causal relationship, to draw conclusions when solving various problems.
What is abstract thinking?
It is the ability of a person to translate real common and particular concepts into symbols, signs and images, for any manipulation with them. And back - from the image to a specific concept. Abstract thinking is closely connected with the creative thinking of man.
In addition, in psychology, visual-effective, concrete-subject and abstract-logical thinking stand out. At each age of a person one or another type prevails.
Date: 09.10.2018, 12:43 / Views: 64291
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