What is systemic family psychotherapy
Family as an object of influence
Systemic family psychotherapy considers the family as an independent organism with its own history, values and laws of development. The therapist is adequately included in the process of therapy, he observes or acts as a trainer. Along the way, he asks questions, controls, can create an artificially conflict or some other situation. The system trend today is leading in family psychology.
Older areas viewed one person as an object of psychological influence, but the systemic one takes the family and its entire system as such an object. Such a theory arose not from any previously existing psychological knowledge, but from cybernetics. In cybernetics there is a general theory of systems. It states that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. All parts and processes of the whole are interdependent.
The family system is a group of people with a common place of residence, connected by certain relationships.It is alleged that the actions of family members are subject to the laws and regulations of the entire family system. Not always something happens because of the wishes of family members. The family system is constantly communicating with the environment.
Objectives and methods of systemic family psychotherapy
The psychotherapist gives everyone a say and provides the rest with comfort. Together with his family, he is looking for an opportunity to change the functioning of the family system for the better. There are no tasks to change individual people entering the system. Systemic family psychology has several trends, some of which do not require the presence of all family members at a psychotherapeutic session. They work with those of them whose problems and behavior became the reason for the whole family to turn to a psychotherapist. Through it eliminate the negative aspects of intra-family communications.
Any mental pathologies are regarded as manifestations of inadequate relationships within the family. Families have their own rules, myths, patterns of behavior. It is their specificity that can provoke mental illness in family members. A child in childhood accumulates negative behaviors observed in adults.Subsequently, he begins to unconsciously reproduce them in adult life.
Methods of therapy: a circular interview. One family member is asked how the other two relate to each other. Sometimes the therapist resorts to supervision, placing his colleagues behind the one-way mirror. Colleagues observe the process and share their thoughts. The therapist also uses this technique as a positive redefinition of the problem with which the family came. The point is not to diminish the difficulties, but to introduce them to friends who will help find a way out of the situation.
Date: 09.10.2018, 12:39 / Views: 52243
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