Symptoms and signs of hepatitis C

The source of the disease are patients with hepatitis C and carriers of the virus. The infection is transmitted through blood and its components, the greatest number of cases are drug addicts. You can become infected at the dentist, during tattooing, piercing, during manicure. It is almost impossible to get a virus during a blood transfusion, so all donated blood is tested for the hepatitis C virus. The route of transmission from mother to fetus is possible, very rarely through sexual contact.
The incubation period for hepatitis C is from 2 weeks to 6 months, during which time the virus multiplies in the body. Often, those infected for a long time do not have any manifestations of the disease, they consider themselves healthy, but they are a source of infection.
At the end of the incubation period, a period of clinical manifestations begins. The temperature rises, general weakness, malaise, headache, irritability, pain in the joints and body aches appear.Occasionally there are rashes on the body.
After 5-7 days, the condition worsens, appetite disappears, urine becomes dark, feces become discolored, pain and heaviness appear in the right hypochondrium, nausea and vomiting.
On examination, an increase in the liver is fixed, the level of bilirubin and liver enzymes increases, markers of hepatitis C appear. After a few days, the jaundice of the skin and sclera appear, after which the condition improves somewhat.
Approximately 20% of patients recover, 20% become carriers of the virus, the rest of the disease becomes chronic.
Chronic hepatitis is the most dangerous. The most characteristic signs are quick fatigue, weakness, a person cannot perform the same physical activity, there may be nausea, pain in the right hypochondrium. These symptoms are periodic, therefore few people pay attention to them, associating them with overwork, lack of sleep, etc. .
Symptoms such as darkening of the urine, yellowness of the skin, spider veins on the skin, enlarged liver, swelling of the legs, appear in the advanced stage of chronic hepatitis C. This form of hepatitis is dangerous because it often turns into cirrhosis and liver cancer.If hepatitis C is combined with other forms of hepatitis, it will aggravate the disease and may be fatal.
Treatment of hepatitis must be comprehensive. Assigned to a diet with the exception of spicy, fried, smoked dishes. It is necessary to completely eliminate alcohol and canned foods. Supportive and detoxification therapy is applied.
For the treatment of chronic hepatitis C, antiviral interferon drugs are prescribed. Hepatoprotectors (drugs that protect the liver cells from damage) are also prescribed. The duration of treatment is from six months to several years, depending on the severity of the disease. A complete cure of chronic hepatitis C does not occur. The goal of treatment is to prevent the transition of hepatitis to cirrhosis.

Date: 08.10.2018, 20:26 / Views: 73191

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