Before the beginning of the holiday season, the need for knowledge and skills of safe behavior in water bodies increases significantly. So that the rest does not turn out to be spoiled, it is necessary to learn to provide first aid before the arrival of doctors in a variety of emergency situations. For example, in the case of drowning, poisoning, or the bite of a dangerous sea animal or insect. It is the marine animals that most harm the vacationers. Warm water of the seas keeps a lot of dangers, such as sea urchins or jellyfish. Any of us, at least once, saw a large number of umbrellas, which were hit after a storm to the shore.
First aid for burns jellyfish
However, if you have a misfortune, and you have a burn from the jellyfish, then try to reach the shore as quickly as possible. After all, the poison of jellyfish tends to paralyze the human nervous system, and as a result, limbs may refuse. In this case, there is a risk of drowning. Try to remember the appearance of the jellyfish, from which you received a burn.This will help your doctor prescribe the most effective treatment option. As for the doctor, then in any case should not rely on the classical Russian "maybe", even if it seems that the burn does not give any effect. The fact that the pain symptoms can even occur in a few days, so do not be lazy and have it inspected by a qualified doctor. And now you should talk about how you can help yourself if you have been burned by a jellyfish.
- First, be sure to tear off the tentacles left on the skin. Pre-wrap your hands with a paper towel or napkin.
- Wash out the wound with sea water.
- Disinfect the affected area, such as alcohol, some perfumes or any other alcohol-containing liquid. Also acetic acid is suitable for this.
- Remove residual cells. This can be done by applying wet sand and scrape it off with a stick in a few minutes. This popular and effective way is often used by experienced tourists.
- Apply to the affected area is not very tight, but a sterile bandage and immediately head to the nearest medical center.
- Carefully follow all instructions of medical professionals so that there are no complications.
How to prevent jellyfish burns?
According to the well-known saying, prevention is the best treatment. In the situation with a jellyfish burn, it will consist in the ability to recognize dangerous species of these creatures and try to avoid contact with them. Therefore, going on a trip to the sea, be sure to review information about those types of jellyfish, meetings with which you should avoid.
The effects of the jellyfish burn
Relatively safe types of jellyfish
Medusa-Cyan. It will be quite difficult not to see this species of jellyfish and stumble upon it accidentally. The fact is that Cyanea is a real giant not only among its kindred, but also many other sea creatures. An adult size of such a jellyfish can be up to two meters in diameter. Some scientists claim that there are some individuals of cyaneans, whose size may exceed even the length of a blue whale! It's up to you to decide whether this is fiction or true. You can meet a giant jellyfish in the waters of the Pacific or Atlantic oceans, or you can see it on your LCD TV screen. Names in these places animals can reach their largest sizes. Some jellyfish specimens may be purple and blue, and some orange and yellow.But fortunately, cyanean burns are not very dangerous, and even more deadly. Mostly in the areas of the affected skin blisters may appear or just reddening. With proper treatment, they disappear in about 5-7 days. However, it is better to avoid meeting the jellyfish-cyanide so that your long-awaited vacation is not overshadowed.
Medusa-Cornerot This jellyfish, which is our "countrywoman", is widely distributed in the waters of the Baltic and Black Seas. It is almost completely transparent, but has a frame of blue and violet lines. An interesting fact is that this species of jellyfish lacks tentacles. However, this does not mean that they can be taken with bare hands and not be afraid of getting burned. On the body of the rootstone there is a large number of so-called stinging cells, which protect these animals from other marine predators. Constant satellites of this kind of jellyfish are shoals of small fish, which also do not want to be a dinner for sea sharks or barracuda, therefore they live in complete safety near the jelly-cornroths. Having received a burn from the jellyfish-cornroth, on the surface of the human skin there is irritation, inflammation and a lot of blisters. However, deaths after a burn of such a jellyfish have not been recorded.
Medusa-krestovik. This is probably the most recognizable type of jellyfish. These animals have a transparent body, but on the upper part of their umbrella there is a bright cross-shaped pattern. It is quite easy to guess that this name was given to this jellyfish by its appearance. You can meet individuals of this species in the warm waters of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. In no case can not say that the cross is so dangerous to humans. Burn such a jellyfish will not be fatal, but also has not very pleasant consequences. These include damage to the area of the skin, pain at the site of the burn or joints, difficulty breathing and coughing. After such a not very pleasant meeting, it is mandatory to contact a doctor.
Jellyfish, the burn of which is life threatening
A little higher was said about those varieties of jellyfish, whose burns cause only frivolous effects, expressed in the form of pain and irritation on the skin. However, there are also such jellyfish, when meeting with which there is a real threat to life. It is necessary to know about such jellyfish and avoid meeting them in all possible ways. So, the most dangerous types of jellyfish:
Medusa irukandzhi.According to the stories, the poison of a cobra can kill even an elephant. But not only snakes can possess the strongest poison, which in 20 minutes can be knocked down by a huge animal. Medusa Irukandzhi is considered the killer of many tourists, scientists and travelers who have studied her way of life. One of the first was the doctor Jack Barnes. He practically in his experience showed the effect of the poison of this jellyfish, but fortunately he managed to avoid death. Burning jellyfish irukandzhi can cause a heart attack and even completely paralyze a person for some 15-20 minutes! And this is despite the fact that an adult individual is no larger than a human nail. This dangerous species of jellyfish lives in waters near Australia.
The Portuguese boat. Another dangerous species of jellyfish, which has the strongest poison. This jellyfish is easily recognized by a specific crest on an umbrella. The Portuguese boat lives in waters near Latin America and Australia. Burning this jellyfish can cause very severe pain, asphyxiation, convulsions and heart attack. In order to protect as much as possible not only yourself, but also your loved ones from the jellyfish burn, try to choose a place of rest where dangerous species do not dwell or they appear very rarely.And also, it is not worthwhile to lightly ignore messages about the prohibition of swimming after the end of the storm, when a large number of jellyfish can be washed ashore. Always try to look around at the sides when swimming by yourself, and do not let go of the small children to the depth.
Enjoy your vacation without trouble!
Date: 09.10.2018, 12:38 / Views: 92591
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