How to build a stove home

The construction of the stove is planned for the design of the house so that all the rooms are built around it. But it happens that the house already exists, and you wanted to build it in the house.

What stove is better to choose for the house?


If the house is small, then the heating and cooking “Swede” will suit, with the stove and oven available in it. If the house consists of several floors, then you will need central heating, here you are more suitable "Dutch". In this case, it is established as a family hearth, a home decoration. It is necessary that on the site of the future stove (on the floor and ceiling) there were no beams.
Furnaces for the home are brick and metal. The first is used traditionally, it is solid and reliable. The second (from metal) - is purchased already in finished form. It has a drawback - it burns out over time, so you have to buy a new one. The choice is yours.The main purpose of the furnace is to heat the room. You need to know that its type is chosen taking into account the possibility to provide with heat the whole living space (room) at any outdoor temperature.

Oven cost


It is determined from the cost of all necessary materials and payment for the work of the stove. The complexity of the project increases the price. Up to 1500 bricks are required for the construction of an average kiln. Small - you can fold yourself.

Kiln standards


Of the existing channel and channelless furnaces, they usually give preference to the first (they are also called bell-type). They warm up more evenly, so the number of cracks formed decreases. They have a small degree of airflow, and therefore an unclosed gate valve brings much less damage to the masonry, compared with other types.

What brick to apply when laying?


The brick will need refractory (chamotte), well burned and full-bodied, without chips and cracks. It is used for laying the firebox, and the usual (clay) brick can be used for the rest of the furnace.
The most difficult process during the construction is its laying. The furnace is installed on the foundation (the type of soil on which it is poured is taken into account), the dimensions are maintained in accordance with the project. You can do the work yourself if you have masonry experience, have quality materials and a project. You also need to know that there are standards, compliance with which is mandatory when laying the stove.
During the work, the seams between the bricks are made 5 millimeters wide.Two cleanings are arranged in the furnace, one of which will be at the base of the pipe. It is necessary to perform fire fighting in the form of a stepped expansion of the masonry, if the house has more than one floor. When your oven is laid out, it must be dried, which can take up to two weeks.

Kindling furnace


If she started to smoke at the first kindling, then the reason is possible in its dampness or improper laying. Then you need to call a specialist who will conduct her diagnosis, and will give all the recommendations to eliminate the malfunction. During the firebox, when properly laid, cold areas should not be.You can decorate it, if you make the facing tiles, or veneered with heat-resistant tiles.
The finished oven can be plastered and whitened, or consult with the designer, who will help you find a solution to decorate it.

Date: 09.10.2018, 12:38 / Views: 75493

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