Beware of fakes: 10 products that are often fake

We tell how to distinguish counterfeit and what should be treated with special vigilance.

They say fake is the best compliment to the author. However, when it comes to trading counterfeit products in grocery stores, we don’t need such “compliments” for nothing. Just as counterfeiters fake the largest and most common bills, so dishonest manufacturers give consumers the substitutes of the most expensive and popular products. We have compiled here a list of food products, the purchase of which you need to be especially vigilant.

Caviar

most popular fake products
Photo: Legion-Media

This expensive delicacy, which many people buy for the holiday table, has a high nutritional value and is rich in vitamins. But only if we are talking about natural red and black caviar.

Fake caviar of sturgeon and salmon fishes is made from algae, gelatin and dyes. Sometimes the view is perfect, you can not tell from the present.Real eggs burst in the tongue, and not chewed like jelly. Liquid in the natural product is very little.

How to check?

Throw a few eggs into the boiling water: the real ones will leave a whitish plume in the water and they will not lose shape, they will simply cook. Artificial eggs deform and dissolve in water.

Honey

Photo: GettyImages

Fantasy from manufacturers of "fake" honey is limitless. Honey is diluted with fructose syrups, heat the old candied, to sell as a young transparent, add to it starch, molasses. The indigestible beekeepers feed the bees with sugar syrup during the collection of nectar, and they make “empty” honey.

But all this stuff, because the main supplier of fake honey to the world market is China. Many buyers are guilty themselves, who are happy to be deceived, believing that there is chocolate or, for example, cherry honey - all this is a sweet brew made from sugar syrup, starch and fragrances. Beekeepers warn: there is no honey from wild rose, corn, poppy, chamomile, hazel, strawberry, blueberry.

How to check?

There are a lot of ways to check the naturalness and quality of honey: wind on a spoon (this one lays down in layers and does not flow for a long time), add a drop of iodine (blue of the product will give out starch), try a little - have to tick it in the throat.But the best way to protect yourself from counterfeit honey is to purchase it from familiar, proven beekeepers and take the usual, familiar ones - lime, buckwheat, and not with exotic names.

Cheese

most popular fake products
Photo: Getty Images

The more expensive the cheese, the more willing it is to fake. For example, a popular sort of hard Parmesan cheese - dishonest producers would gladly add palm oil to it, as in cheap varieties, but that would make the cheese treacherously soft. Therefore, false Parmesan is flavored with cellulose, that is, the product of wood processing.

This Parmesan is almost impossible to cut, it crumbles. There are almost no holes in it, crystals are visible on the break.

How to check?

Read the composition: the right cheese contains only milk, rennet and ferment. A long list with references to preservatives, stabilizers and milk powder is the “wolf ticket” for cheese. If you drop iodine on a slice of cheese and it turns blue, it means that there is starch in the composition, and this is already a cheese product, not cheese. Light a piece of cheese on your lighter: an expensive product will melt well and produce an obvious smell of burning milk. Fake will burn.

Olive oil

most popular fake products
Photo: GettyImages

Fans of Mediterranean cuisine are in the know: you need to take olive oil in a dark glass or a tin and the first cold press can be identified by the mark extra virgin. Manufacturers, though, are eager for unjust money, chuckling, pouring sunflower, corn or soybean oil with dyes and flavors into containers with the correct stickers.

How to check?

Put glass containers with butter in the fridge. This product thickens and gives a precipitate. To determine the quality of the oil to taste can only very experienced experts.

Chocolate

most popular fake products
Photo: Getty Images

All the essence, all the salt, all the charm and the meaning of chocolate - in cocoa butter. From him and taste. Aroma, joy and benefit, because natural cocoa contains antioxidants, polyphenols and alkaloids.

Nowadays, cocoa butter in chocolate is replaced by other vegetable oils, for example, palm or rapeseed, or even synthetic emulsifiers, which is a very hellish version.

According to modern GOST, such substitutes in a delicacy should be no more than 5%, and if more, then this should already be called confectionery tile, and not chocolate.

How to check?

Read the composition on the wrapper and pay attention to the composition of the oils.Inspect the tile: good chocolate is shiny, smooth and does not look like clay on tactile sensations. “Palm” tile breaks without sound, and a quality product - with a dull click. Hold a piece of chocolate in your fingers: a good one will quickly begin to melt and stain your fingers.

Alcohol

most popular fake products
Photo: GettyImages

Paly vodka is a Russian champion fake. It is in great demand, therefore, and so actively faked. The number of counterfeit vodka in Russia tends to half of the total volume sold.

Wine most often fake red. Moreover, buying wine in the "boxes", more likely to purchase a "bodyaga". Fraudsters spoil the reputation and elite brands by forging rum, whiskey, brandy and liqueur.

How to check?

Experts advise buying alcohol only in large and well-known retail chains, as well as in alcoholic boutiques. Carefully inspect the packaging - “linden” will speak for itself. Labels and excise stamps should be pasted exactly, all the inscriptions on the bottle - clear.

A fish

most popular fake products
Photo: GettyImages

Tinted salmon meat or trout in slices is now a classic. Whole fish also does not guarantee anything: salmon are bred on farms, where they add paint to the feed.

The real color of red fish is not so red, rather even grayish with a slight pink tinge. And you can even paint herring - packed in a jar, you can not tell it from red.

And about smoked fish, too little good news. The “liquid smoke” flavoring, this confident carcinogen, turns thawed fish into an appetizing golden and smelling smoked one day.

How to check?

A good fish of the salmon family has long fins (this means that it grew up in the sea, and not on a farm), with scales of bright shades, light, not dull eyes, grayish-pink flesh, in which white streaks are visible. If a slice of fish paints the butter on the sandwich in orange, it is colored, there will be no benefit from it. The fish soaked in “liquid smoke” has a very sharp smell of smoking (natural has a gentle one), a rough surface and an uneven color.

Sour cream, cottage cheese and milk

most popular fake products
Photo: GettyImages

In the epoch of existence of the USSR, in the program “Around the Laughter”, humorists often scourged careless salespeople, who are horrible! - diluted sour cream with milk. We would now have that sour cream instead of the current bright lying jars with a mixture of vegetable fats, thickened with starch.

And some mishut "Milk" and "Cottage Cheese" on products that are not at all.Sometimes somewhere on the package you can find an inscription in small letters: “milk drink” or “cottage cheese product”. But they hide so shamefully that they don’t always see.

How to check?

Dip a spoonful of sour cream in boiling water. All natural will disperse in water and dissolve, and if there is soy protein in the composition, it will fall to the bottom as a sediment.

Cottage cheese with herbal supplements or cheap butter when heated, this oil itself emits, hisses and sprinkles. But you can't check the milk. Is that subjective - tasty or not.

Coffee

most popular fake products
Photo: GettyImages

Forging grain coffee is more difficult, so scammers take it out on soluble. A production defect in the form of burnt coffee beans, chicory, burnt sugar, barley, soybeans - all this has nothing to do with the noble drink, but is sold in packages labeled "Coffee."

How to check?

Not worth it. It is better to buy decent coffee beans and grind yourself.

Spices and seasonings

most popular fake products
Photo: GettyImages

Pepper, cinnamon, vanilla and especially saffron, because it is very expensive. In the spice market, agile people sold fakes in the Middle Ages.

But if they used to put foreign objects in bags and cadi with spices, now they act even more cynically.Ash instead of black pepper, crushed brick instead of red and paprika, marigold seeds and dried beets instead of saffron are our days.

How to check?

Buy, if possible, not ground, but whole spices from a trusted manufacturer. It is worth remembering the signs of these spices. For example, a real cinnamon stick has two bends, and not a single helix, like a cassia. When crushed, the correct pea of ​​black pepper crumbles into large pieces, and its core is slightly oily. White pepper is actually yellowish, if, of course, it is not bleached.

Suspicious powders from the bags can be checked on the water: crushed brick will precipitate, starch will cloud the water.


Date: 08.10.2018, 22:40 / Views: 83551

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